Various types of streptococci bacteria can cause sore throat. Streptococci may also cause tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis and ear diseases, and it may adversely affect the heart valves and kidneys as well. Bacterial throat pain usually prolongs the illness, thus it takes longer than a regular cold. Tonsillitis, an inflammation of tonsils on both sides of the throat, can also cause sore throat. The frequent occurrence of sore throat due to tonsillitis indicates that the inflammation of the tonsils is not well treated. Infections in the nose or sinuses can also cause sore throat, as the diseased stream including the bacteria goes to the throat.
Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus, also known as beta microbe from Group A, causes a bacterial infection that is usually seen on children between 5 and 15 years of age. Beta microbe is commonly transmitted through inhalation of air and through the droplets in this breathed air. Beta-infection leads to fatigue, chills, fever, sore throat resulting in a white membrane to form on the tonsils. The beta microbe causes throat inflammation that start as a sore throat and if it is left untreated then it can cause permanent health problems such as heart rheumatism, arthritis and kidney inflammation. Other bacterial infections associated with sore throat include tonsillitis, diphtheria, and also epiglottitis, which is less frequent.
How to Treat the Throat Infection Caused by Bacteria
If the immune system is strong, then the body destroys the bacteria that causes the sore throat. However, if the immune system is not sufficiently strong, then the microbe will settle into or around the tonsils and continue to spread. Thus, penicillin and penicillin-derived antibiotics are used for about 7-10 days in the treatment of beta microbe led throat infections. It is important to note that however antibiotics should not be used without doctor's advise, since sore throat may be caused by viruses as well and use of antibiotics in that case would be of no help.