The improvement in health conditions nowadays leads to serious decrease in the number of children who have routine health checks and have had to operate due to tonsillectomy. Children between the ages of 3 and 7 are often consulted to pediatric specialists or ENT (ear nose throat) specialists because of nasal and tonsillitis and are treated with antibiotic treatments. Occasionally, when the drug treatment is inadequate, it is possible that the disease is treated surgically.
There are two important conditions when tonsils are operated: With the growth of tonsils, some of the children are so difficult to breathe in their night's sleep that apnea attacks may cause asphyxia and irritation of the respiratory system. Apnea seizures that children have need to be operated. Otherwise, there is a risk of many unpleasant problems such as heart rhythm disturbances and sudden death in sleep. Frequent infection of tonsils is a second cause of operation. If 5 or more tonsil infections are needed to be treated with fever and antibiotics within one year, or if there are tonsil infection 3-4 times a year within consecutive years, the operation decision should be taken.
Although the general number of tonsillectomy is reduced, tonsillectomy is the most commonly performed surgeries in childhood. Nowadays, surgeries are done under general anesthesia. The operation takes half an hour. After surgery most children are discharged from the hospital to their homes on the same day but sometimes very few are kept in hospital overnight for various reasons. The surgical technique has also been developing and changing over the years; Classical technique as well as laser and radiofrequency waves are today's surgical methods.
The pain triggered by swallowing, which is being tried to be controlled by painkillers after tonsillectomy, is the most important problem. During this period, it is recommended to consume liquid and soft foods coldly and warmly. In the period that is following the operation, it is important for the child to drink enough liquid, especially water; children who do not drink enough fluids, have fever which is an effect that prolongs the healing period.