Do you have a sore throat? Do you feel like there is an object stuck in your throat? Do you feel tired? Is there an itchiness, a rash, lingering discomfort or whiteness in your throat? Do you find it hard to swallow? Have you been suffering from these symptoms for more than a week? If your answer to more than one of these questions is yes, you probably have pharyngitis.
The causes of pharyngitis may vary. Viruses or bacteria are mainly what cause pharyngitis. In almost 90 percent of throat infections, the main reason is viruses. If you suffer from sudden and severe inflammations, you have pharyngitis caused by bacteria. It is called acute pharyngitis and it takes less time to treat compared to chronic pharyngitis. However if not cured properly, it may lead to more dangerous diseases.
The causes and symptoms of pharyngitis usually determine the course of the treatment. The approach doctors take depend on the nature of the symptoms and causes of the disease and also on the age of the patient.
Viral versus bacterial pharyngitis
When caused by viruses, antiviral medicines are the suitable drugs for pharyngitis treatment. You may also use gargle, nasal spray, throat lozenges, painkillers or antihistamines to reduce pain and fever, and to obtain relief. When pharyngitis is caused by bacteria, antibiotic treatment is necessary. The most common antibiotic prescribed for pharyngitis is penicillin. Amoxicillin is also another choice for the doctors, since the body may tolerate it better than penicillin. If you are allergic to penicillin, your doctor may prescribe macrolides or cephalosporins. The crucial point is that no matter the type of the antibiotic, you should keep using until the whole medicine finishes, which usually takes approximately 10 days, if you don’t want your pharyngitis to worsen or occur again after some time.