Diagnosis and Treatment of Streptococcal Pharyngitis

Streptococcal pharyngitis is caused by a bacteria called “group A streptococcus.” Streptococcal pharyngitis affects the throat and tonsils. Streptococcal pharyngitis may also affect voice lines (larynx). Streptococcal pharyngitis is the cause of 37% of sore throat in children.

Streptococcal Pharyngitis Diagnosis

A checklist called modified center score is a list prepared to make it easier for doctors to notice pharyngitis diagnosis. It shows the possibility that one person has streptococcal pharyngitis.

Each of these criteria mentioned below is awarded one point:

  • No coughing
  • Swollen lymph nodes or lymph nodes that are sore when touched
  • Fever above 38 ° C
  • Inflammation or swelling of tonsils
  • Under 15 years old (a score is cleared if over 44 years old)

Sore throat has some common symptoms with other diseases. For this reason, it may be difficult to understand that a person is streptococcal pharyngitis without throat culture and fast strep test.

To indicate the person is sick because of streptococcal pharyngitis, throat culture or a type of strep test should be used. Persons showing no symptoms should not be tested with throat culture or rapid strep test, as some people may normally carry streptococcal bacteria without any adverse consequences on their throat. These people do not need treatment either.

Treatment of Streptococcal Pharyngitis

Streptococcal pharyngitis usually is cured without any treatment within a week. However, antibiotic treatment fasten the recovery period. The other reason for the antibiotic treatment is helping to prevent pharyngitis to cause a more serious illness. For example, it may be the accumulation of feathers in the throat known as rheumatic fever, or heart failure or retropharyngeal abscess. Antibiotics given within 9 days after the onset of symptoms give good results. Besides, a good rest and healthy food can help to recover quickly from the disease.

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