How is Sore Throat Treated?

Sore throat can become a bacterial infection if left untreated especially in winter. It is possible to prevent this by taking the necessary measures. Both viruses and bacteria can cause sore throat, depending on which the treatment method does change. Sore throat caused by unspecified viruses is a self-healing disease that usually heals within a week, whereas sore throat caused by bacteria have a different treatment process that requires the use of antibiotics.

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  1. Treatment of Virus Induced Sore Throat

No medication is prescribed if the sore throat is caused by viruses. Local treatments such as mouthwash and lozenges and cough drops are given to relieve the throat area. The patient is advised to pay attention to what he/she eats and drinks and also to keep the water intake high. Medication such as vitamins is sometimes advised to support the immune system. In very specific cases, a broad-spectrum antibiotic is prescribed in low doses to protect against future bacterial infections.

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  1. Treatment of Bacteria Induced Sore Throat

A medication depending on the type of the bacteria is prescribed. In general practice, long-term treatments with larger-spectrum antibiotics at higher doses are commonly applied, since the types of bacteria that are capable of causing sore throat in that area are well-established. Long-term treatment indicates to a treatment of 7 to 10 days. The body starts to develop resistance to the antibiotic used, if the antibiotic is discontinued sooner than this duration, even if the symptoms of the disease disappear. Development of such a resistance becomes a major challenge in the treatment of future infections.

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How to Treat Himself/Herself for Sore Throat?

  • Consumption of liquids must be increased.

  • Liquids should not be consumed too hot or too cold.

  • Smoke, dusty and dirty air should not be inhaled not to disturb the throat.

  • Gargling with saltwater helps.

  • Foods that are easy to ingest and digest should be consumed such as purees, rice dishes, pasta, etc.

  • The medium, where the patient sleeps should not be too dry and should be humidified.

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As editor of Pharyngitis.ORG, I prepare contents about pharyngitis and throat conditions compile the informations on this website from reliable sources. I also tried to improve the understanding of the topics by adding visuals. I hope I can help you to find what you're looking for.

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