Radiation therapy is a widely preferred method for cancer treatment. The high energy radiation rays are used to destroy the cancer cells and tumours is named radiotherapy. The treatment consists of exposing gamma rays, x-rays and charged particles to the cancer cells. Radiotherapy is recommended by doctors to patients who have small tumours. Systemic radiotherapy, brachytherapy and external-beam radiotherapy are major type of radiation therapy. The radiation damages the DNA of cancer cells and it stops abnormal cell division. Type of cancer, size of cancer, location of cancer etc. are taken into consideration for patients who exposed to radiation therapy. Radiotherapy not only harms the cancer cells but also damages healthy normal cells. When it is used for throat cancer, some diverse side effects can formed in throat and other closer organs.
Side Effects of Radiotherapy for Throat Cancer
Radiotherapy may have long term and short term side effects on patients. These side effects may vary from patient to patient. The area exposed to radiotherapy may have skin problems such as peeling and redness. In addition, patients may have dry mouth, loss of taste and breathing problems. Furthermore, tiredness, swallowing problems and worsening hoarseness may occur.
Nutrition After Radiotherapy
Due to the negative side effects of radiotherapy on throat functions, most patients have difficulties in eating. Hence, these patients suffer from nausea, fatigue and weight loss. However, nutrition plays an important role in recovery time. Doctors recommend not consuming sugar, coffee and alcohol. In addition, having a meal plan based on nutrient rich foods, proteins and good fats help to improve the body strength. It is also recommended to eat soft and moist foods such as ground meat, eggs, creamy soups and mashed potatoes to the patients who suffer from swallowing problems. Furthermore, consuming spices, citric foods, crunchy and hard foods is not suggested.
Recovery in Throat Cancer After Radiotherapy
Above mentioned side effects may continue after radiotherapy in long term. Further, lymphedema, anaemia and fatigue may observe. In addition, patients may suffer from depression as well as physical issues. The recovery time after radiotherapy and cancer may vary due to nutrition, body resistance, environmental conditions and metal state.