Upper respiratory tract infection is also known as cold. It is one of the diseases that cause frequent doctor visits both in the world and in our country. More than 200 viruses that cause inflammation in the nose and throat lead to "URTI". Most children have URTI 5 to 8 times a year. This number may increase in children who go to kindergarten. The number of URTI decreases in children over 6 years old. The adolescent age group can have URTI 2-4 times a year.
Why are upper respiratory tract infections more common in which seasons?
Upper respiratory tract infections usually occur during the autumn and winter seasons. Contrary to what you might think, there is nothing to do with the cooling of the air and the cold of the child. Going to school of children increases the encounter with viruses. People stay close to each other in the inner environment because the weather is cold. Low humidity causes the nasal mucosa to dry, in which case the person is more susceptible to viruses that cause colds.
What are the symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections?
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections start into 1-3 days after receiving the child's virus and usually last 1 week. This period varies from child to child (May last up to 1-2 weeks). Infants can have restlessness, mild fever, nasal obstruction, sleeping problems, sometimes vomiting, and diarrhea. In older children; there is nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, itchy throat, sore throat, weakness, sneezing, slight cough caused by nasal discharge.
How to infect colds (upper respiratory tract infections)?
A person with upper respiratory tract infections spreads the virus by sneezing or coughing. The virus can be spread from one person to another by airborne droplet spread, or it can be infected with common objects such as toys by direct contact.