Children are always susceptible to disease. Particular attention should be paid to epiglottitis. Preventive measures taken by parents during or before treatment will help children easily get through this disease period. It is an infectious disease that is characterized by edema and inflammation (inflammation) of the epiglottist (inflammation of the airways of the respiratory tract), which is usually seen in children (most frequently between 2-7 years) and less frequently in adults and is characterized by acute, serious and inappropriate treatment. Disease-affecting children are almost always Hemophilus influenzae type b (Hib).
What are epiglottite indications in children?
Epiglottitis is a bacterial infection. Hodgkin's disease (lymphoma) causes epiglottitis-associated ailments, leukemia and immunosuppressive diseases. The frequency with which the Hib vaccine was routinely used was significantly reduced.
Typical clinical triad symptom; Mouth salivation, dysphagia (painful swallowing), respiratory distress (respiratory distress).
Fever and vocalization are common, coughing is common. The epiglot is swollen and red. During the examination, the patient must be in position to keep the respiratory tract open. The general condition of the patient is usually poor.
How is epiglottitis treatment in children?
First of all, early diagnosis is accelerating the treatment period of the disease. Blood culture must be taken at the stage of diagnosis. After diagnosis the doctor will start treatment. The most important process is to keep the airway open. Patients with respiratory distress should be provided with an upright tube, endotracheal tube (placed in the mouth or nasal passage), or tracheotomy if necessary. Hypoxia (reduction of oxygenation) should be given if there is oxygen. The vein should be kept open and calmed if there is enough movement to make breathing difficult. The majority of cortisone medications have not been shown. Antibiotics should be given absolutely. Ceftriaxone or ampicillin and chloramphenicol can be used. Usually 7 days treatment is sufficient.