Symptoms of Difficulty in Swallowing (Dysphagia)

What Is The Difficulty Of Swallowing?

Dysphagia that has the name of swallowing difficulty in medical language is a condition that requires more time and effort than usual when food and drinks are taken orally. Difficulty in swallowing can also be with pain. In some serious cases, it is impossible to swallow both solid and liquid foods and beverages.

Often difficulty in swallowing is not a serious and permanent problem. Since often foods are swallowed too quickly or they are not chewed enough, there will be difficulty in swallowing. However, problems of difficulty in swallowing, which become permanent, also require medical treatment.


Difficulty in swallowing may occur at any age, but it is more common in the elderly. There are different reasons for severe swallowing difficulties, and the treatment to be applied depends on these reasons. Therefore determining the reasons that cause difficulty in swallowing is important to assign the treatment.

What Are The Symptoms?

Symptoms that may be associated with swallowing difficulty include:

  • Pain during swallowing (odynophagia),

  • Swallowing is not possible,

  • The feeling that the food is stuck in the throat, chest or back of the chest (sternum)

  • Mouthwash flows,

  • Hoarseness,

  • Return of food,

  • Frequent acid indication,

  • Accumulation of food and stomach acid in the throat,

  • Unexpected weight loss,

  • Coughing during swallowing.


Symptoms That Indicate Swallowing Difficulties In Babies And Children Include:

  • Lack of attention during breastfeeding or eating,

  • The body is stiff or crusty during feeding,

  • Refusal to eat,

  • Breastfeeding and eating takes 30 minutes or longer,

  • Problems with breastfeeding,

  • Food or fluid coming from the mouth,

  • Coughing or asphyxia during breastfeeding or eating,

  • Spitting or vomiting of the child during feeding or breastfeeding,

  • Having trouble breathing while eating or drinking,

  • Gaining weight and slowing growth,

  • Symptoms such as recurrent lung inflammation can be seen in babies and children.

When Should Go To Doctor For Dysphagia?

When Should Go To Doctor For Dysphagia?

One of the elements that people need to survive is their food. In order for nutrition to take place, food taken safely must reach the stomach and intestines from the oral cavity. People swallow about 1000 times a day. The swallowing process is a process that is controlled voluntarily. In other words, it initiates and sustains the function of swallowing with human will.


Swallowing Impairment Can Occur In Three Different Swallowing Stages:

Oral phase: Problems that can be seen in the stage of feeding or chewing food or chewing or sending to the mouth from the mouth.

Pharyngeal phase: feeding food or drink to the food borrowing, ie problems that can be seen in closing the breathing tube to prevent food and drinks from escaping in the wrong direction.

The esophageal phase: the problems that can be seen when food and drink are dispatched from the food pipe.


Everyone may have difficulty swallowing occasionally when eating, but a healthy person can cleanse his throat by coughing reflexively when he tries to breathe instead of feeding the food. However, some people may not be able to perform throat clearing due to various diseases, which can sometimes lead to serious or even fatal problems. Swallowing impairment can occur in patients of all age groups and due to neurogenic, mechanical, psychological and muscular diseases (myogenic).

How Does Diagnose Of Dysphalgia?

A specialist language and speech therapist specializing in swallowing disorders evaluates people who have eating and drinking problems. The expert language and speech therapist performs the following assessment during the assessment:

• Learning the patient's medical condition and information about swallowing impairment

• Assessing the strength and movement of muscles and structures (such as the lips, tongue, chin, palate) involved in swallowing

• Evaluating the patient posture and mouth movements

• Assessment of swallowing disorder

Treatment of Dysphagia in Children

Treatment of Dysphagia in Children

The difficulty of swallowing is that more effort and time is required for food or drinks to go away from your mouth. Strong swallowing can also hurt your life. In some cases the person can not swallow at all. The occasional swallowing difficulty is not something to be taken for granted. Sometimes it happens only when you eat too fast or if you do not chew food properly. However, the persistent swallowing difficulty is a serious problem that needs to be treated. The disease is called dysphagia.


The treatment of swallowing difficulty usually depends on the type and cause of the disease: Strength of oropharyngeal swallowing This diagnosis will probably send you to a throat specialist or neurologist for analysis and speech therapist to swallow. Therapy can be done as follows:

Exercise: Some exercises can help coordinate the swallowing muscles or re-alert the nerves that trigger the swallowing reflex.

Learning swallowing methods: You can also learn simple methods to help you swallow, such as placing your food properly in your mouth or keeping your body and your head swallowing.

Possible swallowing difficulties associated with esophagus (food borne)

Treatment May Include:

Expanding the food conduit: To open the narrow conduit of food, your doctor uses an endoscope with a special balloon at the end, which slowly flexes your food pipe or inserts a flexible tube into the food conduit.

Surgery: If any tumor or pocket is formed in the food pipe, you may need to have surgery to clean and open your food pipe.


Drug: Gastroesophageal reflux disease The swallowing difficulty associated with the disease can be cured with oral medications after the constriction in the food intake is eliminated. You may need to take these medications for a long time.

If you have spasms associated with food borrowing but you do not have Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and your food debt seems normal, you may have to take medication to loosen your food borer and get rid of it.

Severe Swallowing Difficulty:

If you can not get enough nutrients and fluids because of your swallowing difficulty, your doctor may recommend:

Special liquid diets: They prevent fluid loss and ensure that the kiln is at a healthy level.

Tube feeding: With very severe swallowing difficulties, you may need a feeding tube to bypass the malfunctioning part of the food tube.

The Dysphagia in Adults

Throat Cancer Symtomps

The dysphagia is that it takes more effort and time to get food or drinks out of your mouth. Strong swallowing can also hurt your life. In some cases, the person can not swallow at all. The occasional swallowing difficulty is not to be taken for granted. Sometimes it only happens when you eat too fast or when you can not chew food properly. However, the persistent swallowing difficulty is a serious problem that needs to be treated. Dysphagia may be of any age but is more common in adults. The reasons and the treatment of swallowing may vary from person to person.


What is the indication of Dysphagia

Dysphagia (indigestions) associated signs and symptoms are as follows: pain when he swallows, swallow search, food the throat, chest or behind breast bone feeling stuck, mouth watering, hoarseness, regurgitation (back in the form of a liquid in the person's mouth for food), frequent heart burn, food acids the throat or back, unexpected loss of weight, cough or gag when he swallows.



Dysphagia may result in:

Poor nutrition and loss of fluid: Because of difficulty in swallowing, you may not get enough nutrients or fluid to feed you. Persons with swallowing difficulty are at risk for malnutrition and fluid loss.

Respiratory problems: Breathing problems or infection can occur if the food or fluid runs away while you are trying to swallow, Such as pneumonia or upper respiratory tract infections.


What are the precautions to be taken when swallowing is difficult?

Dysphagia, can not be prevented beforehand if it is caused by neurological damage or neurological diseases, but you can reduce the occasional disfajiyle by eating your food more slowly and chewing thoroughly. If gastroesophageal reflux disease is diagnosed early and effective treatment is given, disfajiyle associated with narrowing of the food intake can be prevented.