Epiglottitis In Children

Strep Throat Infection Treatment In Children

It is an infectious disease that is characterized by edema and inflammation of the epiglottis (valve on windpipe), which is usually seen in children (most frequently between age of 2 and 7) and less frequently in adults and is characterized by acute, serious and if it has inappropriate treatment, it has high mortality.



The disease begins with fever and sore throat and refusal to feed. Within a few hours, salivation increases due to the inability of the secretions to swallow, followed by wheezing breathing. As the younger age you are, the earlier the respiratory distress develops. Children usually need to lean their head backward (tripod seat) to relieve breathing.


Typical Clinical Triad Symptom

  • Saliva flow from mouth,

  • Dysphagia (painful swallowing),

  • Respiratory distress.

Fever and hoarseness are common, coughing is rare. The epiglottis appears as swollen and red. During the examination, the patient should be sitting in a position to keep the respiratory tract opening.

Unwanted Effects

The co-existence of other Hib infections such as respiratory tract obstruction, meningitis, pneumonia is an indication that it is severe.



Clinical diagnosis is usually sufficient. Especially in patients who are extremely ill, applying pressure to the tongue base during the oral examination may increase epiglottis edema, leading to a death of the patient. Leukocytosis (increase in the white blood cell count) frequently occurs in the whole blood (hemogram, CBC) count. X-ray films can help diagnose. Side-neck film taken at the soft tissue dose may show thumb view, hypopharynx dilation and spinal lordosis (neck curve). However, in severe cases, it should not delay the treatment in order to have a film.

Blood culture must be taken absolutely. The taken culture from epiglottis is useful but can be done after you are sure the respiratory tract is open. Tests showing Hib antigen can be used when antibiotics are used.

Epiglottit In Children

Epiglottit In Children

Epiglottit, located in the region of the larynx, epiglottis or “epiglottis” along with the swelling of cartilaginous structure called the inlet air to the lungs is blocked, is one of the situations of life that carries the danger. Epiglottit hot drinks consumption can cause injuries and infections in the throat directly. In the past the most common cause in children pneumonia (pneumonia, meningitis and blood infections, which leads to “Haemophilus influenza type B ( Hib) bacteria. Epiglottit can occur at any age.

Made for babies on a routine basis “Hib vaccine” has helped epiglottit rare to be seen, but still seen as a threat to children. Epiglottit if you suspect that yourself or someone in your family, immediately ask for emergency assistance please. Early treatment can prevent life-threatening complications.


What Are The Symptoms In Children?

In children the following symptoms may develop within a few hours epiglottit:

• Severe sore throat
• Abnormal-pitched respiratory
• Difficulty swallowing, painful swallowing
• Alarming, restless behavior
• Sitting or leaning forward significantly relaxation.


What Are The Causes Of Epiglottit?

A common cause of swelling and inflammation of the surrounding tissues epiglotti of you, “Haemophilus influenza type B ( Hib )” bacterial infection. Hib bacteria is responsible for a number of serious conditions. These meningitis.
Hib is spread through infected particles in the air during coughing or sneezing. Hib bacteria in your nose and throat even though you're not sick, it is possible to host. This enhances the potential for bacteria to spread. Other bacteria and viruses that cause inflammation of the epiglottis can include:

Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus ): Meningitis, pneumonia, ear infections and blood infections (septicemia)
why did that other is a type of bacteria.
• Streptococcus A, B and C: These are a group of bacteria that can cause various diseases from blood infections and sore throat.


When Should I See A Doctor?

Epiglottit is a medical emergency. Therefore, if you experience the symptoms mentioned above for yourself or someone close to you, immediately contact the emergency room or call 112 for emergency service. Provide medical assistance to the patient in an upright position and remain silent until you receive. This will breathe better. Attempt to examine yourself in the throat of the patient. You can make the situation worse.