What Causes Acute Pharyngitis?

An inflammatory syndrome of the pharynx and tonsils caused by different groups of microorganisms is called acute pharyngitis. There are a lot of diseases, bacterial and viral agents which cause acute pharyngitis.

Viral Infections

The most common cause of acute pharyngitis are viruses. Some viral infections such as common cold, influenza, chickenpox and whooping cough trigger pharyngitis. When get take antibiotics or a medical treatment, your illness is not terminated fully. Instead the antibiotics and treatments will help relieve the symptoms of pharyngitis.

Bacterial Infections

Although it is not frequent, acute pharyngitis is also caused by a bacterial infection. Strep throat, gonorrhea, chlamydia and Corynebacterium are among the most common infections of this type. The people who are exposed to cold and flu a lot are more likely to be infected. Doctors stress that people working in hospitals should be more careful as there is a high risk for acute pharyngitis. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics in case of this situation.

Related Diseases

People getting bacterial or viral infections develop some diseases. These are; fever, headache, pains on several parts of the body, enlarged tonsils and swollen, tender lymph nodes. Sometimes pharyngitis last more than several weeks. The cause can be some gastric disorders such as acid reflux or postnasal drip. It is necessary take antibiotics at the recommendation of your doctor.

External Factors

Spread of acute pharyngitis is also affected by the regions. If you live in the cities with warm summer and cool winters, then there is a high possibility of viral pharyngitis. Moreover, you should ensure that your house is ventilated enough to prevent spread of the pharyngitis. As in all diseases, personal hygiene is quite important as the viruses can easily reach your hands and finds your throat in a short time.

Acute Pharyngitis Diagnosis and Treatment

Acute pharyngitis is an inflammation problem in the pharynx and irritating to the area. When acute pharyngitis occurs in people, the disease rapidly grows first and the growing bacteria disappear in a short time. At the same time, the tonsils are also damaged with pharyngitis and cause pain when swallowed. If this disease affects tonsil, it can lead to inflammation and swelling of your tonsils. Acute pharyngitis, known as inflammation of the throat mucosa, is a disease that can be seen in infants, children or adults, in all age groups. Bacteria that accumulate inside the throat after the flu and cold live in a certain time zone and then cause pharyngitis. With the appearance of acute pharyngitis, complaints such as hoarseness, sore throat, and dryness in the throat appear.

Acute Pharyngitis Diagnosis;

  • Burning sensation in the throat
  • Pain and itching
  • Throat foundation
  • Coughing and nausea, vomiting
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Hoarseness
  • Nasal discharge
  • Throat redness
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Anorexia
  • Intumescence of adenoids

Acute Pharyngitis Treatment

If the reason for the occurrence of acute pharyngitis is caused by bacteria people are treated first with pharyngitis treatment antibiotic drugs. However, when you are trying to heal the acute pharyngitis, the over use of antibiotics should be avoided. For this reason, taking a medication with a doctor will be healthier. Overdose antibiotics cause the disappearance of useful bacteria in the intestines. During the treatment process, people should stay away from smoking. Especially for people with pharyngitis, smoking areas are very disadvantageous for passive smokers. This must be avoided both from smoking and being in these areas. Afterwards, warm herbal teas can be drunk and warm water should be drunk in this process. At the same time, throat can be gargled with salt water.

4 Points You Need To Know About Acute Pharyngitis

  1. What Is Acute Pharyngitis?

acute pharyngitis is an inflammation problem in the pharynx and irritating to the area. when acute pharyngitis occurs in people, the disease rapidly grows first and the growing bacteria disappear in a short time. at the same time, the tonsils are also damaged with pharyngitis and cause pain when swallowed. if this disease affects tonsil, it can lead to inflammation and swelling of your tonsils.

  1. Acute Pharyngitis’s Symptoms

acute pharyngitis is a pharyngeal inflammation that occurs on the posterior wall of the nose and mouth cavity. common signs of acute pharyngitis include:

  • difficulty in swallowing, feeling of scratching during swallowing
  • hoarseness
  • coughing, frequent sneezing
  • headache
  • nasal discharge
  • body aches
  • flicker, high fever

acute pharyngitis occurs suddenly and can lead to more severe symptoms than chronic pharyngitis.

  1. Acute Pharyngitis Treatment

if the reason for the occurrence of acute pharyngitis is caused by bacteria people are treated first with pharyngitis treatment antibiotic drugs. however, when you are trying to heal the acute pharyngitis, the over use of antibiotics should be avoided. for this reason, taking a medication with a doctor will be healthier. overdose antibiotics cause the disappearance of useful bacteria in the intestines. during the treatment process, people should stay away from smoking. especially for people with pharyngitis, smoking areas are very disadvantageous for passive smokers. this must be avoided both from smoking and being in these areas. afterwards, warm herbal teas can be drunk and warm water should be drunk in this process. at the same time, throat can be gargled with salt water.

  1. The Cases That You Have To Avoid If You Have Pharyngitis

  • cigarette
  • air condition and heater
  • too hot or too cold food-drink
  • acidic food-drink
  • loud noise talking

Current Practices in Acute Pharyngitis Treatment

Pharyngitis is an infectious throat infection generally caused by viruses or bacteria. The disease is commonly seen in winter. The disease can be acute or chronical. The normal pharyngitis is known as acute pharyngitis. If the disease is very commonly seen and the symptoms are not very clear, the disease is described as chronical.

Acute Pharyngitis Symptoms

The most common symptoms of the disease are redness and swelling in the throat, swelling in the body, and nasal discharge. However, the final diagnosis should be made by the doctor.

Current Practices of Pharyngitis

Before starting the pharyngitis treatment, first of all, throat culture is taken to determine whether the disease is microbic or viral. The use of antibiotics is important in the treatment of the disease if it is caused by bacteria. However, antibiotics is not effective on viruses. In viral pharyngitis, the healing of the disease can be fasten by anti-inflammatory agents, pain relievers, allergy inhibitors and cough suppressants.

Chronic Pharyngitis Treatment

Treatment of chronic pharyngitis is very difficult and long lasting. Hence, the reason of the disease should be known for an effective treatment. The disease can not usually be completely removed, but by supplying the good conditions and by use of supportive drugs, the symptoms can be minimalized. It should be known that use of pastilles is useless.

Acute Pharangitis Treatment

Different methods can be applied to cure acute pharyngitis. Antibiotics are not necessary when the disease is thought to be caused by acute pharyngitis viruses. However, antibiotics shorten the healing period of the disease, since the frequent infections of viruses can also accelerate bacteria multiplication. In addition to antibiotics, pain reliever-antipyretics, antihistamines, nasal decongestants, cough cutters and mouthwashes can be used in patients with allergies. The herbal treatment is also suggested.

Beginning of the Acute Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is one of the most common diseases of the mucous throat. Causes of the disease can be various factors such as: bacteria, viruses, nasopharyngeal mucosa trauma by burn or cooling, and others.

Depending on the origin, acute pharyngitis can be allergic, traumatic, or infectious. Traumatic pharyngitis develops when the mucosa is damaged by some foreign body. From irritants, the inflammatory process in the pharynx can be caused by tobacco smoking, alcoholic drinks, inhalation of hot or cold air, chemicals, dust, etc. It is an allergic pharyngitis.

What Are The Symptoms?

Among the most important acute pharyngitis symptoms can be identified pain in the throat when swallowing and reddening of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Depending on the type of pharyngitis, white scurf can form on the mucosa and the temperature may rise. With inflammation of the pharynx, lymph nodes increase. If you lightly press on this area, you can cause painful sensations. On a background of an acute pharyngitis quite often there is a stuffiness and a pain in ears. These symptoms indicate the spread of infection in the middle ear area.

If pharyngitis is not treated on time or treated incorrectly, then the inflammation can spread to other parts of the airway and cause complications. The acute pharyngitis treatment is prescribed by an otolaryngologist. It is very important to exclude the factors that triggered the development of the disease. Treatment is aimed at reducing symptoms and eliminating the cause of the disease. To reduce the inflammatory process and swelling of the mucosa, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agents are prescribed: sprays, resorbable lozenges, etc. In case of severe pain syndrome, painkillers are used. With bacterial pharyngitis antibiotics are prescribed. An integral part of the treatment of acute pharyngitis is the use of drugs that increase the body’s defenses.