According to medical statistics, about 40% of patients know what is pharyngitis, as they have experienced this disease. While bacterial pharyngitis accounts for about 15 percent of all cases of pharyngitis. Pharyngitis is an infectious inflammation of the mucous membrane of the oropharynx and palatine tonsils, prone to spontaneous resolution, but in a number of cases complicated by the development of purulent processes in surrounding tissues.
Pharyngitis can have both bacterial and viral etiology; chronic, as a rule, bacterial, less often – a fungal nature. Bacteria cause inflammation that accompanies atrophic and tumor processes, and also complicates the course of the postoperative period.
The immediate causes of the pharyngitis formations are associated with the penetration into the tissues of the pharynx pathogens – pathogenic bacteria. Most often people of any age are diagnosed with streptococcal pharyngitis, as well as staphylococcal, pneumococcal pharyngitis, which belong to the group of nonspecific infectious diseases. Bacterial pharyngitis of unspecific genesis occurs when infected through objects, things, food, through kisses, after infection by airborne droplets. But such transmission routes are not very common: in a person with a normally functioning immune systemic, pathology symptoms are unlikely to occur after contact with microbes.
In the vast majority of cases, bacterial pharyngitis develops after a viral disease of the upper respiratory tract, while weakening the local immunity. A certain proportion of bacterial pharyngitis is exacerbation of chronic pharyngitis. Chronization occurs in the absence of proper treatment, in the presence of bad habits, work in conditions of increased gas contamination, dustiness, with existing foci of infection in the nasopharynx. Staphylococcal and streptococcal pharyngitis and other types of nonspecific pathology rarely occur in isolation. Usually there is inflammation of the entire nasopharynx, sometimes the larynx. Bacterial pharyngitis in an isolated form most often occurs with burns of the mucous membrane of the pharynx, exacerbation of chronic pathology, consumption of cold drinks and food.