Throat divided into three main parts as upper, middle and lower parts, opens and closes as we breathe, talk and swallow.
Vocal fold are located in the middle of the throat. The lower part of it provides the connection with the trachea.
Although it is not on the top 10 at the incidence list, throat cancer is frequent cancer types, especially among smokers.
Some chemical components which are in the cigarette prepare the organ for tumor because it changes the structure of the throat cells.
After 10-15 years when you quit smoking, the risk of getting throat cancer that is due to smoking is reduced by 60-70%.
Throat cancer is a type of cancer most commonly seen in the 55-64 age range (30%).
Throat Cancer Symptoms
Throat cancer usually occurs in the parts that close to the vocal tract. For this reason, the first symptom of cancer is the change of voice. For example, you may have hoarseness.
Throat cancer usually occurs in regions close to the vocal tract. For this reason, the first indication of cancer is related to the change of voice. For example, your voice may be normal.
Other symptoms of throat cancer include besides hoarseness;
Swallowing difficulty and pain when swallowing,
Swelling in the throat region,
Bad smell of breathe,
Shortness of breath,
Weight loss with no reason,
Fatigue and extreme exhausted.
You should consult with a doctor in a short period if there is hoarseness that lasts 2-3 weeks.
If the cancer is not on the region where closes to the vocal fold, the first symptom may be a sore throat and swelling in the larynx.
However, tumors may occur again after treatment, tend to spread through the surrounding tissues and organs, and may spread to other parts of the body.