Upper respiratory tract infection is also known as catching a cold and is one of the most frequent causes for anyone to have a doctor's visit and missing workdays as a result, both in Turkey and in the world. Upper respiratory tract infections cover the infections that impact the region between the oral nasal region and the onset of the bronchus. As age increases, the frequency of the disease decreases. Microorganisms lead to inflammation in the nose and throat, which occurs 2-4 times a year in the adolescent age group.
How Does One Get Upper Respiratory Tract Infection?
A person with upper respiratory tract infection transmits the virus that causes the upper respiratory tract infection via sneezing or coughing. The virus can be transmitted to others via airborne droplets or by direct contact or through objects used by public such as door handles in public toilets, etc.
Treatment Of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
Viral infections caused by unspecified viruses is a self-healing disease that usually heals within a week, whereas bacterial infections have a different treatment process that requires the use of antibiotics.
Treatment of Viral Infections
No medication is prescribed if the infection is caused by viruses. Local treatments such as mouthwash and lozenges and cough drops are given to relieve the throat area. The patient is advised to pay attention to what he/she eats and drinks and also to keep the water intake high. Medication such as vitamins is sometimes advised to support the immune system. In very specific cases, a broad-spectrum antibiotic is prescribed in low doses to protect against future bacterial infections, which may follow the viral infection.
Treatment of Bacterial Infections
A medication depending on the type of the bacteria is prescribed. In general practice, long-term treatments with larger-spectrum antibiotics at higher doses are commonly applied, since the types of bacteria that are capable of causing sore throat in that area are well-established. Long-term treatment indicates to a treatment of 7 to 10 days. The body starts to develop resistance to the antibiotic used, if the antibiotic is discontinued sooner than this duration, even if the symptoms of the disease disappear. Development of such a resistance becomes a major challenge in the treatment of future infections.