Upper respiratory tract infection is also known as catching a cold and is one of the most frequent causes for the children to have a doctor's visit and missing school days as a result, both in Turkey and in the world. There are more than 200 viruses that cause this disease. Microorganisms lead to inflammation in the nose and throat. Most children undergo upper respiratory tract infection 5-8 times a year. This number may be even more in children who go to daycare. Disease rate decreases in children over 6 years old. It occurs 2-4 times a year in the adolescent age group.
Children have upper respiratory tract infections more often than adults, since their immune systems are not as mature as the adults yet, and they also have contacts with other children in schools, nurseries and other similar settings.
How does One Get Upper Respiratory Tract Infection?
A person with upper respiratory tract infection transmits the virus that causes the upper respiratory tract infection via sneezing or coughing. The virus can be transmitted to others via airborne droplets or by direct contact or through common objects such as toys.
In Which Season Is the Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Is More Frequent?
Upper respiratory tract infection usually occurs in the autumn and winter seasons. Contrary to what one might think, it has nothing to do with the air getting cold and the children getting cold as a result. Instead;
The starting of the school season result in the children to have more frequent encounters with the viruses that cause the said disease.
People stay close to each other indoors as the weather is getting colder.
Low humidity dries the nasal mucosa, in which case the person is more susceptible to the viruses that cause the colds.