Virus Induced Sore Throat

There are hundreds of types of viruses that can lead to virus induced or virus-borne sore throat. However, in most cases it is the cold and flu viruses that cause throat infection. All are highly contagious. They are particularly effective in winter months. Among other virus-borne diseases that lead to sore throat are inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis), pharyngitis, throat inflammation (laryngitis), aphthae, herpes viruses, measles, chickenpox, etc.

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Virus-borne throat infections have no specific treatment and they are not affected by antibiotics. Therefore, the treatment is aimed at relieving the symptoms. Having a plenty amount of rest and fluid intake, pain relievers and additional treatments if there is also nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, etc. are among the treatments one can do to get relieved from a virus-borne sore throat. Local treatments such as mouthwash and lozenges and cough drops are given to relieve the throat area.

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The patient is also advised to pay attention to what he/she eats and drinks. Medication such as vitamins is sometimes advised to support the immune system. In very specific cases, a broad-spectrum antibiotic is prescribed in low doses to protect against future bacterial infections. In the usual course of virus-borne infections, it is expected that the immune system of the body fights off the viruses resulting in a relief of symptoms and a complete recovery in about a week.

Indications of Viral Throat Infections, Which May Require Seeing a Doctor

  • Sinus pain

  • Congestion

  • Wheeziness

  • Dryness in the throat

  • Deep sounds

Symptoms of Viral Sore Throat That May Require Seeing a Doctor

sore throat

  • A severe throat pain that lasts longer than a week,

  • Great difficulty in swallowing or breathing,

  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck that ache,

  • Pus, rash on the back of the throat,

  • Hoarseness that lasts for a long period of time,

  • Sputum or blood in the sputum,

  • Sunken eyes,

  • Severe fatigue,

  • Decreased urination,

  • Frequently recurrent throat pains.

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