What are the Causes of Laryngitis?

The acute laryngitis symptoms appear quite rapidly and worsen within 2-3 days. Laryngitis usually occurs within 1 week. The symptoms are:

  • Hoarseness

  • Difficulty in speaking

  • Sore throat

  • Febricula

  • Headache

  • Cough

  • Continuous hawk need


Some people cannot talk or try to whisper or talk in a wheezy because of the hoarseness. When the number of diseased days increases, this situation gets worse and it is because of the inflammation of vocal cord. Though all other symptoms are healed, cracked voice can last for up to 1 week.

As laryngitis usually develops due to other diseases such as colds, flu, sore throat or tonsillitis, symptoms such as swollen gland, nasal discharge, pain while swallowing and feelings of soreness can also be seen.

The onset of chronic laryngitis lasts longer and may last for weeks, even months. Chronic hoarseness may occur depending on the destruction of the larynx. In those who use their voice excessively or wrongly like professional singers and teachers, disease tends to repeat constantly.

The swelling of the larynx may also cause difficulties in breathing from time to time. This is not common among adults. The breathing can sometimes be seen in children who have shorter and narrower bronchus.


If breathing is difficult, seek medical advice immediately.


Acute laryngitis is a viral disease usually associated with colds and upper respiratory tract infections. Laryngitis can also occur in the case of bronchitis, pneumonia, flu or measles.

Chronic laryngitis is a condition caused by long-term use of cigarettes, which causes irritation of the vocal cord and chronic hoarseness.

Hoarseness may be the first symptom of laryngeal cancer. Always consult your doctor in the case of hoarseness that lasts longer than 4 weeks.

Other causes of laryngitis or hoarseness:


  • Infections

  • Pollution

  • Excessive alcohol consumption

  • Shock or trauma

  • Allergies

  • Excessive or incorrect voice usage

  • Usage of asthma medications,

  • Gastrointestinal diseases,

  • Irritant or chemical substances,

  • Another cause is that there are benign lesion on vocal cord.



As editor of Pharyngitis.ORG, I prepare contents about pharyngitis and throat conditions compile the informations on this website from reliable sources. I also tried to improve the understanding of the topics by adding visuals. I hope I can help you to find what you're looking for.

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