There are several treatment methods in throat cancer. These treatment methods are as follows.
Radiation therapy can be used in both early and advanced laryngeal cancer treatment. In treatment, high-energy rays are used to shrink or destroy the cancerous tissue. Surgical interventions can be performed simultaneously.
In throat cancer, one or more of the following surgeries may be required:
- Endoscopic resection: It is applied more frequently in early stage throat cancer. The operator enters the patient's mouth through the mouth of the patient and burns the cancerous tissue with a laser or with the help of small surgical instruments.
- Partial laryngectomy: In this operation, part of the dagger is removed. If some of the vocalists are not picked up, the patient may continue to talk, but there will be chatter or weakening of the stalk.
- Temporary Tracheostomy: A temporary opening in the neck to allow the patient to breathe comfortably after partial laryngectomy surgery.
- Total laryngectomy: The operation to remove all the dagger. It may need to be applied in advanced laryngeal cancer cases.
The patient can not use his voice technician as an old man after surgery.
Techniques such as voice prostheses, esophageal speech, electropharinks, electronic keyboards are available for the patient to speak.
A permanent stoma must be opened in the neck for the patient to breathe.
Neck dissection: Removal of the lymph nodes in the neck. It is applied if the throat cancer has jumped to nearby lymph nodes.
Strong drugs are used to prevent cancer cells from killing or spreading in chemotherapy treatment. Medications are usually delivered by the vasculature. It may help to relieve symptoms of laryngeal cancer in cases of progression or recurrence.
Stop smoking: Smoking and alcohol abuse by a throat cancer patient is very important for the following reasons: They cause any treatment to be less effective. They make it difficult for the patient to recover after surgical intervention. They can prepare for the spread of throat cancer or the emergence of other cancers.
Consuming green tea: According to a laboratory study entitled "Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica" published in 2003, a component called epigallocatechin-3-gallate in green tea stops the growth of laryngeal cancer cells.