Throat cancer is common among cancer types, especially among smokers, although it is not among the top 10 in terms of incidence. Some chemical components found in the cigarette prepare the ground for tumor formation by changing the structure of the laryngeal cells. 10-15 years after quitting smoking, the risk of catching laryngeal cancer due to cigarette smoking is reduced by 60-70%. Throat cancer is a type of cancer most commonly seen in the 55-64 age group (30%)
What Are Throat Cancer Symptoms?
Throat cancer usually occurs in regions close to the vocal tract. For this reason, the first indication of cancer is related to the change of voice. For example, your voice may be normal. Other statements outside the voice of the throat cancer include; swallowing difficulty and swallowing pain, swelling in the throat area, stubborn cough, sore throat, breath smell, ear pain, shortness of breath.
How Does Treatment Cancer Treatment?
Radiation therapy can be used if laryngeal cancer is detected at an early stage. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be used together for advanced laryngeal cancer. The method of choice for laryngeal cancer treatment is closely related to the general health of the patient and whether the cancer has spread to other organs or tissues.
Another method commonly used in the treatment of laryngeal cancer is surgery. The surgical site can be opened with a scalpel or laser. You can get more information about the surgical procedure to be used. During surgery, the surgeon can take the full or only part of the throat, depending on how much of the throat the cancer has occupied. During operation, lymph nodes located in this region may also be removed. In patients who continue to use cigarettes and alcohol after surgery, the success rate of treatment is very low and the likelihood of cancer recurrence is high.