Who Has Esophageal Atresia?

The esophagus is a food borrowing stretching from mouth to mussel. In the esophageal atresis, a part of the food boron has not formed. This occurs when the baby is in the mother's womb and during the development of the food pipe and the breathing tube. More than 90% have a connection between the food pipe and the trachea (fistula). Most of these fistulas are in the lower part of the food borne which is connected to the stomach. This fistula causes air to pass from the pit to the stomach and intestines. It is seen in 2000-3000 births. Additional diseases and chromosomal anomalies can be seen in 60-70% of cases. (V = vertabra), A = anal atresia, C = cardiac, TE = tracheoesophageal, R = renal, L = limb (arm-leg) anomalies.


Can Diagnosis Be Available With Mother?

Ultrasonography is not visible or small, the appearance of the upper esophageal pouch and the excess of amniotic fluid brings to mind first the esophageal atresia. Sometimes, however, the stomach may not be visible even in normal fetuses. If the stomach is not swallowed for any other reason, the stomach may appear small. In contrast, the appearance of stomach and amount of amniotic fluid may be normal in fistulas between trachea and lower esophagus. Babies with esophageal atresia should, of course, be delivered in a center with a Pediatric Surgeon.


How To Understand The Esophageal Atresis?

The newborn can not swallow the baby spit and can not feed. When attempting to place a thick probe in the mouth, it can be seen that the probe has not advanced. It is also seen in the film that the sword is held or curled on the upper part of the food tube which is not passed down. The infants who are diagnosed with esophageal atresia are placed in the upper esophageal pouch and the saliva is aspirated for a while and the baby head is laid down as above. Otherwise, secretions may pass through the pus and lead to lung problems. Nonspecific fistulae without esophageal atresia may result in nausea and coughing and morulae. Diagnosis may be delayed in these patients.



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